The Counsel of Jesus [Part 1]

Imam Malik relates that Jesus, the Son of Mary—peace be upon him—said:

Do not speak much without remembering God, for in not doing so, your hearts will harden. Surely, a hard heart is far from God, and you are not even aware. Moreover, do not look at the sins of others as if you are masters, but rather look at your own sins as if you are servants. For, surely, humanity is of two types: those afflicted with sins and those who are not. So have mercy on those afflicted with sins, and praise God if you are free of them.

Az-Zurqani comments:

“Looking at our own sins as if we were servants” means to fear that our masters will come to know of the sins. Humanity is either sinful, and thus in tribulation, or sinless, and thus in an innocent state. Having mercy on those tribulated with sin means to pray for them (that their sins are removed), neither to examine their sins nor to expose them, and to counsel them with gentleness and kindness.

Imams of Fiqh and Sufis Aiding Their Followers in The Afterlife

Imam Abdul Wahhab ash-Sha’rani says:

We have mentioned in Kitab al-Ajwibah on the authority of the Imams of the fuqaha (jurists) and the sufis that all the Imams of the fuqaha and sufis  will intercede for their followers. They (their followers) will witness the presence of each of them at the moment their soul leaves their body, at the point they are questioned by Munkar and Nakir (in the grave), when they are resurrected, when they are gathered, when they are brought to account, when their actions are weighed on the scale, and when they come to the bridge (Sirat). The Imams of the fuqaha and the sufis will not abandon them (their followers) at any stage in the stages of the afterlife.

When our Shaykh, Shaykhul-Islam, Nasir-ud-Din al-Laqqani passed away, one of the righteous people saw him in a dream and this righteous person said to him: “What has Allah done with you?” He replied: ‘When the two angels sat me up in the grave in order to ask me questions, Imam Malik came to them and said, “Does someone like him require his Iman (belief) in Allah and His Messenger ﷺ to be questioned?” Then the two angels moved away from him (Imam Malik) and moved away form me.’

If the scholars of the sufis take care of their followers and mureeds in all of their affairs and difficulties in this world and the afterlife, then how will it be with the Imams of the four schools of thought who are Awtad on the Earth, the pillars of the religion, the trustees of the Lawgiver (who are responsible) for His nation? May Allah be pleased with them all.

So, my brother, gladly follow any Imam from amongst them as you wish—all Praise belongs to Allah.


[Abdul Wahhab ash-Sha’rani, Al-Mizan al-Kubra. Tr. Mohammad Jamili]

 

 

Delaying The Prayers Beyond Their Prescribed Times

Allah says in the Qur’an
“…there came after them generations who neglected prayer and were driven by their own desires. These will come face to face with their evil (Ghayya), but those who repent, who believe, who do righteous deeds, will enter Paradise. They will not be wronged in the least…” [Surah Maryam 19:59-60]
Ibn ‘Abbas, may Allah be pleased with him, said:
The meaning of ‘neglected’ here does not imply complete abandonment of the prayer but delaying it beyond it time.
Sa‘id ibn al-Musayyab, the Imam of the Tabi‘un, said:
It means not praying Zuhr until the time of ‘Asr; not praying ‘Asr until the time of Maghrib; not praying Maghrib until the time of ‘Isha; not praying ‘Isha until the time of Fajr, and not praying Fajr until the sun has risen. If someone dies persisting in this state without repenting, Allah has promised him Ghayy, which is a deep valley in Hell whose food is disgusting.
Sa‘d b. Abi Waqqas, may Allah be pleased with him, said:
I asked the Messenger of Allah ﷺ about ‘those who are forgetful of their prayer‘ (107:4-5), and he said, ‘It means delaying it’ – in other words, delaying it beyond its time.
[al-Bazzar]
Ibn Hazm [d. 465AH] said:
After Shirk, there are no wrong actions greater than delaying the prayer beyond its time and killing a believer without right.
Lastly, Imam adh-Dhahabi says, we find in a hadith:
Whoever presevers in the prescribed prayers, Allah Almighty will grant him five honours:
  1. He will release him from straitened circumstances,
  2. protect him from the punishment of the grave,
  3. give him his book (of deeds) in his right hand,
  4. let him pass over the Sirat (The Bridge over hellfire) like lightning, and
  5. admit him to Paradise without reckoning.

May Allah forgive us for our shortcomings and grant us the strength to worship Him in accordance with the Sunnah of our Master Muhammad ﷺ.


[Shams ad-Din adh-Dhahabi, al-Kaba’ir]

 

“Every Saint has a past and every sinner has a future”

This statement of Oscar Wilde truly summarises the Islamic tradition where sinners like Malik ibn Dinar (d. 130 AH), ‘Abdullah ibn al-Mubarak (d. 181 AH), al-Fudhayl ibn ‘Iyadh (d. 187 AH), and many others, abandoned their sinful lives and lived on to become Saints after a sincere utterance of Astaghfirullah [I seek Allah’s forgiveness].

Many classical texts on Tasawwuf or Islamic Spirituality highlight that one’s spiritual journey begins with Tawbah or Repentance. Allah says in the Qur’an: ‘Believers, all of you, turn to God so that you may prosper.’ [Surah an-Nur 24:31]

Ibn Juzayy al-Kalbi (d. 741AH) comments on the above verse in his commentary Al-Tashil li ‘Ulum al-Tanzil:

“Repentance is an obligation upon every legally-responsible believer according to the evidences in the Book, the Sunnah and the consensus of the [Muslim] nation.

It has three obligations:

  1. Feeling remorse over the sin due to disobeying God, not due to some harm that may have come to one’s wealth or self.
  2. Refraining from the sin as immediately as possible, without procrastination or slackness.
  3. Resolving not to repeat it again; but if one does, then one renews the resolve.

It has three etiquettes:

  1. To acknowledge one’s sin along with feeling utterly broken.
  2. To increase in entreating God and beseeching His forgiveness.
  3. To increase in doing good works so as to erase past wrongs.
It has seven degrees:
  1. Repentance of disbelievers from disbelief.
  2. Repentance of the sincere ones from major sins.
  3. Repentance of the upright ones from minor sins.
  4. Repentance of the devout worshippers from slackness.
  5. Repentance of wayfarers from the defects and vices of the heart.
  6. Repentance of the high-minded, scrupulous ones from doubtful matters.
  7. Repentance of those spiritually witnessing God from being distracted from God.
The causes of repentance are seven:
  1. Fear of punishment.
  2. Hope of reward.
  3. Embarrassment of being held responsible.
  4. Love for the Beloved.
  5. The vigilance of the vigilant one who is near.
  6. Glorifying the station.
  7. Gratitude for numerous bounties.”


[Ibn Juzayy al-Kalbi, Al-Tashil li ‘Ulum al-Tanzil (Hawally, Kuwait: Dar al-Dhiya’, 2009), Vol. 2 pg. 537. Tr. Abu Aaliya]
[Ibn Juzayy al-Kalbi, Al-Tashil li ‘Ulum al-Tanzil (Hawally, Kuwait: Dar al-Dhiya’, 2009), Vol. 2 pg. 537. Tr. Abu Aaliya]

Loving the Saints of God

The Saints of God and who they are:

‘Ali bin ‘Uthman al-Hajweri [d. 465 AH] said:

Shaykh Abu Yazid Bistami said, “A saint is he who accepts courageously what is commanded (by God) and rejects what is prohibited (by God).” This is because the more a man loves God, the greater is His respect for His commands.

God Almighty has, therefore, upheld the validity of prophethood for good and has done so through the continuity of the class of his chosen people: the saints of God. They are God’s vicegerents on Earth and are fully devoted to Him without the slightest interference of the lower beastly self. It is through the spiritual blessings of the saints that God sends rain from the skies, grows vegetation form the earth and grants success to the Muslims over the disbelievers.

The saints of God are four thousand in number, but they are hidden from the gaze of the common people; and even they themselves don’t know one another. In fact, they are not aware of their own spiritual capabilities and virtues. In short, they remain hidden not only from mankind but from themselves as well. Their existence stands confirmed not only by the Quran and Hadith, but actual experience of the saints of God as well, including myself, by the grace of God.

Those who are entrusted the duty of administration are three hundred in number and are known as Akhyār or Nujabā. There are forty more who are called Abdāl; seven more known as Abrār; four more known as Awtād; three more known as Nuqabā; and one more who is called Qutb or Ghawth, (who is the most righteous man on earth at any given time). All these persons know one another and depend on one another in the performance of their duties. Their existence has been confirmed by the Holy Quran and Hadith, and by a vast majority of the Ummah, called Ahlus Sunnah wa’l-Jamā’ah (People of the Prophetic way and the majority of scholars). [Kashf al-Mahjūb]

Murabit al-Hajj [who resides in Tuwamarat, Mauritania] said:

While some of these terms (i.e. Nujabā, AbdālQutb etc.) are mentioned in the Quran and Hadith, others are not; but their existence has been confirmed by too many of the scholars and saints to deny them.

Loving the Saints of God:

Shaykh Abu Talib al-Makki [d. 386 AH] said:

If you are not from the righteous, see to it that you have love for them, for Allah Most High will look to their hearts, and perhaps He may look at your name and forgive you.

Khwaja Gharib Nawaz Mu’inuddin Chishti [d. 627 AH] narrated:

There was a man who hated the saints. When he died, and was placed in the grave, the people tried to turn his face towards Mecca, but it would always turn away from that direction. The people were astonished at this action. There was a voice from nowhere announcing, “It would be a futile exercise to try to turn his face towards Mecca, because he used to turn his face away at seeing the saints, and that he who would turn his face in disgust from My friends, I will turn My face from him. He is a condemned soul, and on the day of judgement, such people will appear with faces of donkeys.”

Fariduddin Mas’ud Ganj Shakar [d. 661 AH] narrated:

A sinful young man died in Multan. He then appeared to someone in a dream and was asked by him what his condition was. He replied that Allah had pardoned him. He explained that one day, when Khawaja Baha ul-Haq Zakariyya Multani was walking, he had kissed his hand with utmost respect. Due to this act, he had been pardoned.

Shaykh Ahmad Zarruq [d. 899 AH] said,

Know that the spirit of Islam is loving Allah, loving His Messenger—Salallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, loving the Hereafter, and loving the righteous among Allah’s servants. [Badl al-Nasīha]

Shaykh Ibn al-Zakari, in his commentary on the above said:

It is related from my master, Abdul Rahman al-Thalabi, with his chain of transmission up to Imam al-Tabari who said, ‘A stranger passed away when we were in Mecca. We took his body to Bāb al-Mala and sat down to prepare for his burial when suddenly he rose up and sat upright. We asked ourselves, “Did he not die?” The stranger said, “I did, but I returned in order to bring you glad tidings and inform you that the most beneficial thing we have is love for the righteous and closeness with them.” Right after he said that, he became a corpse again.’

Shaykh Abdur Rahman ould Murabit al-Hajj [who resides in Granada, Spain] said:

Even if you never get to meet a saint of God, but simply love them and would love to meet them, the saints of God know without you having to tell them. The scholars of our religion say, “A person being blessed with just visiting the lands they reside in, without meeting them, is a great honour in itself.”

May Allah grant us love for the saints of God, allow us to meet them in this life and unite us with them in the next life. Ameen!

Recommended Adhkar upon the completion of Friday prayer

After one makes the Salam from the Jumuʿah prayer and before he changes his position—and in another narration ‘before he speaks’—he recites Surah Al-Fatihah, Surah Al-Ikhlas, Surah Al-Falaq and Surah an-Nas each seven times. It has been related that whoever recites these will be forgiven for the past and future sins, and will be given in reward according to the number of those who believe in Allah and His Messenger ﷺ. [Fath Al-Muʿin]

The commentary on this is given by ad-Dimyati in Iʿanat ut-Talibin:

It has also been narrated that whoever recites them, Allah will protect his religion, worldly affairs, family and offspring. Our Lady ʿAishah narrates that the Prophet ﷺ said, “Whoever recites Al-Ikhlas, Al-Falaq and an-Nas seven times each, Allah will protect him by them from evil until the next Jumuʿah.”

Ibn Masʿud, may Allah be pleased with him, said:

“After reciting what has been previously mentioned, whoever says:

اللهم يا غني يا حميد، يا مبدئ يا معيد، يا رحيم يا ودود، اغنني بفضلك عمن سواك، وبحلالك عن حرامك
Allāhumma  Yā Ghaniyyu Yā Hamīd, Yā Mubdiʾ Yā Muʿīd, Yā Rahīm Yā Wadūd, Ighnini bi-Fadhlika ʿAmman Siwāk wa bi-halālika ʿan Harāmik
[O Allah! O Self-Sufficing One! O Praiseworthy One! O Initiator! O Restorer! O Compassionate One! O Ever-Loving One! Make me independent, by Your Grace, from everyone apart from You. And (Suffice me) by Your lawful sustenance, whilst excluding that which is unlawful in Your sight.]

…Allah will make him not need to rely on others and provide for him from where he knows not.”

Anas bin Malik, may Allah be pleased with him, said:

“Whoever, on the day of Jumuʿah, says the following 70-times:

اللهم اغنني بفضلك عمن سواك، وبحلالك عن حرامك
Allāhumma Ighnini bi-Fadhlika ʿAmman Siwāk wa bi-halālika ʿan Harāmik
[O Allah! Make me independent, by Your Grace, from everyone apart from You. And (Suffice me) by Your lawful sustenance, whilst excluding that which is unlawful in Your sight.]

…two Jumuʿahs will not pass him except that Allah will be sufficient for him.”

Ibn ʿAbbas, may Allah be pleased with him, said on the authority of the Prophet ﷺ:

“When the Jumuʿah prayer is finished, whoever says the following 100-times:

سبحان الله العظيم وبحمده
SubhānAllāhiʾl-ʿAzīm wa bi-Hamdih
[Transcendent is Allah, the Supreme, and His is the Praise]

…will have 100,000 sins forgiven and his parents will have 24,000 sins forgiven.”

Imam ʿAbdul Wahhab ash-Shaʿrani said:

“Whoever is consistent in reciting the following every Friday, Allah will take his life as a muslim without a doubt,

إلٰهي لَسْتُ لِلْفِرْدَوْسِ أهْلاً وَلا أقْوٰى عَلٰى نَارِ الجَحِيمِ فَهَبْ لي تَوبَةً، وَاغْفِرْ ذُنُوبي فَإنَّكَ غَافِرُ الذَّنْبِ الْعَظِيْمِ
Ilāhi Lastu lil-Firdawsi Ahlan wa Lā Aqwā ‘alā Nārʾl-Jahīm fa-Hab Lī Tawbatan wa-ghfir Dhunūbī fa-Innaka Ghāfir udh-Dhanbil-ʿAzīm
[O Allah, I am not worthy of being an inhabitant of Firdaws and I cannot bear the Fire of Hell. So grant me a repentance and forgive my sins as You are the forgiver of a major sin.]

Some have said that it should be said 5-times after Jumuʿah prayer.

ʿArak b. Malik is reported to have stood at the door of the mosque after he prayed Jumʿuah prayer and said:

اللهم أجبت دعوتك، وصليت فريضتك، وانتشرت كما أمرتني، فارزقني من فضلك وأنت خير الرازقين
Allāhumma Ajibtu Daʿwatik, wa Sallaytu Farīdatik, wan-tashartu kamā Amartanī, far-zuqnī min Fadhlika wa anta Khayr ur-Rāziqīn

[O Allah, I have answered Your call, prayed Your obligation and have spread in the land as You have commanded me to do so. So grant me from Your bounty and You are the best of providers.]

:وقد قلت وقولك الحق
يا أيها الذين آمنوا إذا نودي للصلاة من يوم الجمعة فاسعوا إلى ذكر الله وذروا البيع، ذلكم خير لكم إن كنتم تعلمون
فإذا قضيت الصلاة فانتشروا في الأرض وابتغوا من فضل الله، واذكروا الله كثيرا لعلكم تفلحون

[You said and Your Speech is the Truth: “O you who believe! when the call is made for prayer on Friday, then hasten to the remembrance of Allah and leave off trading; that is better for you, if you know. And when the prayer has concluded, then disperse within the land and seek of Allah’s grace, and remember Allah much, that you may be successful” (al-Jumuʿah: 9-10).]


Translated by Sayyidi Mohammad Jamili 

The Saint who asked for Hell

Ja’far Khuldi has said:

“Once Shaykh Abul Hasan Nuri was making the following supplication and I overheard him.

‘O My Lord! If you have to fill Your hell with human beings whom You have created by Your knowledge, power and love, then make me large enough to fill the entire hell so that everybody else goes to Paradise.’

I was amazed to hear this and dreamt the same night that I should go and tell Abul Hassan Nuri that Allah Almighty had forgiven him for the kindness and love he had for mankind.”

In short, self-sacrifice is the keynote of Nuri’s doctrine, which is regarded as the noblest state and the highest success in the eyes of the people of spiritual insight (Ahl al-Basirah). This is because nothing is more difficult in the world than sacrificing one’s life and surrendering the objects of one’s desire. Allah Almighty has said:

“None of you [believers] will attain true piety unless you give out of what you cherish: whatever you give, Good knows about it very well.” [Surah Aali-‘Imran 3:92]

How can giving away of wealth, health, food and garments bear comparison with sacrificing one’s life?


Taken from: Al-Hajweri, Kashful Mahjūb.
Featured Image: @Masrawi